Remember that one testicle (usually the right one) is slightly larger than the other, while the left one may hang a little bit lower. This is completely normal.
Using both hands, gently roll each testicle (with slight pressure) between your fingers. To do this, place your thumbs over the top of your testicle, then, with the index and middle fingers of each hand behind the testicle, roll the testicle between your fingers.
Your testicles should feel firm and smooth, about the consistency of a hard-boiled egg except without the egg shell.
You may feel the epididymis (the sperm-carrying tube), which is a soft, rope-like tube located at the top of the back of each testicle. This is a normal lump.
When examining each testicle, feel for any firm masses, lumps or nodules along the front or sides. Lumps may be as small as a piece of rice or a pea and they are often painless.
If you notice any swelling, lumps or changes in the size or colour of a testicle, or if you have any pain or achy areas in your groin, you should schedule an appointment with a doctor (preferably a urologist) right away.
It’s Not Always Cancerous
If you do notice something abnormal, don’t get overly anxious; there are many other causes of abnormal lumps that are much less serious than cancer. But that titbit of info shouldn’t stop you from seeking help. Infections, for example, will still require prompt treatment.
• Aside from testicular lumps, there are other signs and symptoms of testicular cancer that you should be aware of:
• An enlargement or significant shrinking of a testicle
• A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
• A dull ache in the lower abdomen or in the groin
• A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
• Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
• Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
Let’s face it, human beings have a tendency to overreact when it comes to their health and chances are, you’re not a doctor. If you do notice something abnormal, don’t hesitate to have it checked out. Checking your balls regularly will hopefully make you better at distinguishing a real lump from your normal anatomy. But when in doubt, get it checked out. The worst that will come of a check-up is a little embarrassment, but that surely beats cancer.
Please watch our video on how to check here